List of diseases that include urinary retention as a symptom. Any major, well-known medical conditions associated with urinary retention are included below, listed alphabetically with photos when available. Any maladies, sicknesses or illnesses with urinary retention as a symptom can be seen below. For any real, further diagnosis of something you feel you might have, please consult a doctor. This list includes information about each disease, such as what risks are associated with it. List illnesses include Prostate cancer, Urinary tract infection and more.This list answers the questions, "What risks are associated with urinary retention?" and "What disease can I have if I have urinary retention?"