One of the most tragic American conflagrations was the Civil War that began in 1861. It truly was a case of "brother against brother," and resulted in more than 620,000 deaths. Photos of the Civil War illustrate how lives, families, animals, and the very land upon which the fighting occurred were changed forever. By the time the Rebels and the Yanks ended their fight in Appomattox, Virginia, in April 1865, both sides had endured quite a bit and were ready to move on to reuniting the country and healing deep, personal wounds.
So, what happened right after the Civil War ended? A number of strange and shocking events occurred immediately in the wake of the surrender, such as Abraham Lincoln's assassination. Some of the best and the worst took place within days of the Confederate surrender. Read on to discover why the Civil War aftermath was both heartwarming and bone-chilling.
The Surrender Was Signed In Appomattox, Virginia
Appomattox was just a tiny, obscure Virginian village. It was nowhere near a port and had no railroad. And yet, it had a date with historical destiny. When Union forces surrounded their Confederate opponents in Richmond, General Robert E. Lee led the Army of Northern Virginia into a swift retreat to the west. By the time it reached Appomattox Court House, the army's numbers were decimated, its men cold and hungry. In addition, General Ulysses S. Grant of the Union had already reached Appomattox and, again, had Lee's forces surrounded.
There was a final Battle of Appomattox Station, but Lee knew the writing was on the wall. He and Grant agreed to meet to discuss terms of the Confederate surrender, which took place in the parlor of a local business on April 9, 1865. The war was officially over, and the South rejoined the United States of America.
For Nearly Half A Year After The Surrender, Battles Continued Across The CountryPhoto: Kurz & Allison / Wikimedia Commons
Word didn't travel very fast back in 1865, and so battles and skirmishes continued after the surrender documents were signed at Appomattox. Even when dispatches finally arrived to forces in the west and southwest, some refused to believe the papers and continued to fight. The final land battle took place near Brownsville, Texas at Palmito Ranch on May 13, 1865, some four days after war had formally ended. Both commanders were well aware of this fact, but the Union officer chose to attack anyway. The small skirmish achieved nothing other than adding to the death toll, officially four Union soldiers were slain but it's likely the true number was closer to 30. The final Confederate surrender did not take place until November of that year, when the war ship and merchant vessel of the Confederates, the CSS Shenandoah, surrendered to the Union - in Liverpool, England.
Within Days, President Abraham Lincoln Was Assassinated By A Confederate SympathizerPhoto: Currier And Ives / Wikimedia Commons
The most tragic and horrific thing that happened in the wake of the Civil War's ending was the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln at Ford's Theatre in Washington, DC. He was shot by Confederate supporter and stage actor John Wilkes Booth in April of 1865. As a result, the good and honorable work initiated by Lee and Grant at Appomattox not even one week prior was virtually destroyed.
The Abolition Of Slavery Was Enforced And Part Of The SurrenderPhoto: Henry P. Moore / Wikimedia Commons
One unfortunate aspect concerning Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation of 1863 is that not many slaves were actually freed following the decree. After all, the great document demanded freedom be given in a country that was at war with itself, so few slave owners paid heed to the Proclamation.
So, when the Civil War finally came to an end, part of the deal was that slaves throughout the country would be freed. And that is exactly what happened in the aftermath of the Civil War.