Diabetics know all too well the danger of high blood sugar levels. Maintaining proper levels, however, is something everyone should aim for. Even if you don't have diabetes, skyrocketing blood sugar can impact your body in ways large and small. High blood sugar is a super common illness, so it's important to be aware of the usual symptoms.
On the blood sugar scale, anything from 70 to 150 is in the optimal range. Numbers closer to the ends fall more in the "borderline" category of too high or too low. If you are below 70, your blood sugar is too low; anything over 150 is too high. Fortunately, in many cases your body will let you know when it is experiencing either of these extremes.
Many things - both on the inside and the outside - happen when your blood sugar is too high, you just need to know how to read the signs.
You Have To Pee A Lot
One of the most common and inconvenient signs of high blood sugar is excessive urination. You have to pee with incredible frequency, especially during the night.
Extreme amounts of sugar in the bloodstream leads to more fluids filtering through the kidneys, which makes you have to pee a lot. Medically, frequent urination is called polyuria.
Your Thinking Is Cloudy And Muddled
Colloquially known as brain fog, unfocused thinking caused by high blood sugar has no specific medical name. Nonetheless, it is a common symptom of rising blood sugar levels.
Insulin breaks down sugars in the bloodstream, and when you don't have a sufficient amount of insulin, glucose is not carried out of your blood and into your cells. As a result, your sugar levels are high and you feel like a space cadet.
You Have Chronic Dry Mouth
There is a well-established connection between high blood sugar/diabetes and dry mouth. Not only is sugar carried in your bloodstream, it also can exist in your saliva. Unfortunately, it dries out your spit, and this can lead to all manner of medical issues.
Some of the more common conditions stemming from dry mouth include yeast infections, salivary gland infections, tooth decay, and other oral health concerns. The first sign of dry mouth is often chapped or cracked lips.
You Have Unquenchable Thirst
Often going hand in hand with dry mouth, unquenchable thirst is a telltale sign of high blood sugar. High blood sugar makes it difficult for your body to extract glucose from the water in your kidneys. This causes a buildup of osmotic pressure and eventually your body starts extracting water from your bloodstream to make up for the deficit.
While it's hard to see what's going on inside your body, you will notice an increase in thirst. No matter how much water you drink, your body can never get enough when your blood sugar levels are too high.