The Second Vatican Council, known also as Vatican II, was the 21st ecumenical council, and it was called for by Pope John XXIII in 1959. The Council itself began in 1962 and lasted until 1965. This event reworked Catholic practices and dramatically changed the relationship of the Catholic Church to the world. The impact of Vatican II on the Catholic Church is immeasurable and continues to manifest in new and unexpected ways to this very day.
The Catholic Church before Vatican II was seen by some as an archaic institution – with some lamentable past actions – more intent on preserving itself than being a source of salvation in the world. The Council sought to change that perception and modernize the Church to better become an active player in the contemporary world. The changes made at the Council continue to shape the Catholic Church, its practices, and its one billion followers.
It Allowed Mass To Be Conducted In The Local Vernacular Rather Than Latin
Vatican II Seriously Pissed Off Some Old-School Catholics
It 'Threw Open The Windows Of The Church' To The World
Observers From Other Christian Churches Were Invited
Various Schools Of Catholic Thought Reached A Consensus
The Council Acknowledged Value In Other Religions, But Retained Salvation For Catholicism