Art has played a significant role throughout human history - but so has art theft. Art heists have been rampant around the world ever since artwork first became incredibly valuable. This list explores the most outrageous art thefts throughout history.
These crooks lifted millions of dollars' worth of art and they composed a number of shrewd plans to do so. Some of them used force, while others used distractions like fireworks and alarms or global emergencies. One man even replaced over 100 pieces of famous art with his own paintings and drawings. Another simply walked out of a museum with a renowned painting stuffed inside his coat. Some of the pieces have since been found, but most of them have never been recovered.
Frans Hals's 'Two Laughing Boys With a Mug of Beer' Was Stolen Three Times
Dutch artist Frans Hals's 17th-century painting "Two Laughing Boys with a Mug of Beer," worth about $18 million, was stolen from the Hofje van Aerden museum in Leerdam, Netherlands, not once, not twice, but three times: in 1988, 2011, and 2020.
The painting was recovered after the first two incidents. But despite tighter security measures put in place after theft No. 2, thieves managed to break in again through a door early in the morning on August 26, 2020. Although the culprits set off alarms, they managed to escape.
Art detective Arthur Brand told the BBC, "It's very difficult to secure small museums as it costs too much money. If they want to have your stuff, they'll get in."
In April 2021, authorities from the Netherlands announced they had detained an unnamed suspect in the 2020 incident. The 58-year-old man, nabbed at his home in Baarn, is also suspected of taking a Van Gogh painting from the Singer Laren Museum in 2020. The paintings were not found.
A Van Gogh Painting Was Stolen From A Dutch Museum Closed Due To Coronavirus
In late March 2020, as the coronavirus spread globally, museums were emptied, providing the perfect opportunity for some unknown crook (or crooks) to raid The Singer Laren - a museum in the Netherlands - and swipe Van Gogh's "The Parsonage Garden at Nuenen in Spring 1884."
According to The Associated Press, the painting's value was not immediately reported, but it is estimated to be worth millions. Museum director Jan Rudolph de Lorm said in a statement:
It is very bad for the Groninger Museum [which loaned the painting to the Singer], it is very bad for the Singer, but it is terrible for us all because art exists to be seen and shared by us, the community, to enjoy to draw inspiration from and to draw comfort from, especially in these difficult times.
Investigators reported that the crook (or crooks) "smashed a glass door to get into the museum," which set off an alarm that triggered law enforcement. By the time they arrived, however, the culprit (or culprits) were gone.
In April 2021, authorities from the Netherlands announced they had detained an unnamed suspect in the 2020 incident. The 58-year-old man, nabbed at his home in Baarn, is also suspected of taking a Frans Hals painting from the Hofje van Aerden museum, also in the Netherlands, in 2020. The paintings were not found.
A British Crook Used Fireworks And Smoke To Swipe A $5 Million Painting
While everyone else was celebrating the coming of the new millennium on the night of December 31, 1999, one British crook successfully nabbed a painting worth nearly $5 million. The incident took place at the Ashmolean Museum in Oxford, England.
The offender broke into the museum while the entire city was distracted by loud fireworks. He cut a hole in the museum's roof and dropped down using a rope ladder. Once inside, he released smoke to obfuscate himself from the cameras. This painting by Paul Cezanne has never been recovered.
A Librarian Replaced 125 Paintings With His Own
In the course of only two years - from 2004 to 2006 - a chief librarian at Guangzhou Academy of Fine Arts gradually replaced 125 paintings with his own works of art. Xiao Yuan sold the pieces at various auctions for a total of $6 million. When he was caught, he still had another $11 million worth of stolen art in his possession.
While confessing, Xiao defended himself by claiming that such deceptive thievery was extremely common in the art community. He even claimed that unknown artists had replaced his fakes with their own fakes.