World War 1 weapons run the gamut from bolt action rifles like the Gewehr 98 and Lee-Enfield to sophisticated machine guns like the Lewis Gun and pistols used well into the 20th Century, like the Colt 1911. The First World War involved a great modernizing of armies, weapons, and tactics, and as the very nature of war changed from offensive to static, so too did the weapons needed to fight that war.
Just as one example, in 1914, French soldiers went into battle wearing blue pants, red tops, and white gloves - the same uniforms used in the Napoleonic Wars a century earlier. Soldiers marched in tight formations, vulnerable to massed machine gun fire. And many of the weapons they were using had been made before the turn of the century. But within a few months, all of the armies of the war had modernized, becoming the modern killing machines that would fight for the next four years.
The weapons of the First World War needed to be sturdy, powerful, and cheap to make. And so millions of rifles, pistols, automatic rifles, and machine guns were produced, along with tens of millions of grenades, and quite likely over 100 million artillery shells. These weapons turned out to be so effective that they were used in mass quantities in World War 2 and beyond.
Vote up the most effective and iconic weapons of World War 1.
list ordered by
Lee-Enfield Rifle Reliable and fast rifle used well into World War 2.
Mauser Gewehr 98 Primary rifle of the Imperial German Army. Extremely accurate, but not suited for rapid fire.
Lewis Gun Light machine gun used by both British and American infantry and aircraft in WW1.
Luger P08 Pistol Famous German sidearm of World War 1 and 2.
M1911 Pistol American sidearm used extensively during the 20th Century.
MP18 Close-range submachine gun used by German stormtroopers in 1918.
Maschinengewehr 08 Standard German machine gun for infantry and aircraft. Caused enormous casualties in trench warfare.
Mauser C96 Pistol A 9mm version was made in WW1 to help fill the German army's demand for pistols.
Vickers Machine Gun Widely-deployed British machine gun, used extensively on the Western Front.
Browning Automatic Rifle Light machine gun used by US forces in World War 1.
Flammenwerfer M.16. The first flamethrower ever used in combat, and a mainstay of trench warfare.
M1903 Springfield Standard American rifle at the end of the war. Was still used by snipers in Vietnam.
Winchester 1897 Trench Gun So deadly at close range that the Germans tried in vain to get combat shotguns banned.
Model 24 Stielhandgranate Iconic German "potato masher" stick grenade used in both World Wars.
Mosin–Nagant M91 Standard Russian infantry rifle for both World War 1 and World War 2.
Madsen Light Machine Gun Danish-made light machine gun used by both Allied and Entente forces.
joshjoshjack added browning m1917 a heavey machine gun used by the usa and made by john browning
M1917 Enfield American version of the standard British rifle. Used in mass quantities by US troops.
Webley Mk VI Standard British service pistol during the World Wars.
F1 Grenade French hand grenade used by Allied forces, and later by both sides in the Russian Civil War.
joshjoshjack added T gewehr a german anti tank rifle disigned after gewehr rifles
joshjoshjack added bayonet a large knife you attach to your rifle to make it like a spear during melee combat
joshjoshjack added enfield mark 1 an older model of the lee enfiled used by england in ww1
joshjoshjack added remington model 10 a powerful pump action shotgun made in 1910
Schwarzlose MG Standard Austro-Hungarian light machine gun.
joshjoshjack added browning auto 5 a semi auto shot gun also made by john browning
Roth–Steyr M1907 Automatic pistol used by Austria-Hungarian cavalry. First automatic pistol used by any major land power.
joshjoshjack added kukri a machete like weapon from nepal that was mostly used by the gutkha who were fighting for the british
Mark I Trench Knife Combat knife that also had a brass knuckles hand guard and a skull-crushing bolt
joshjoshjack added m 1917 a usa made revolver and the most powerful handgun of ww1
joshjoshjack added bowie knife a big knife made for survival and combat
joshjoshjack added trench club homemade blute weapons made by soulders when they where not given any melee weapons they would usally have nails droven in to the or barbed wire wraped around it
joshjoshjack added beretta 1915 an italian hand gun that would later inspire handguns of today
joshjoshjack added double barreled shotgun used by russia in the ww1 and ww2. it was also uesd by the arabs
joshjoshjack added gewehr 1888 an older modle of the gewehr rifle
joshjoshjack added cavalry saber swords that are used for the cavalry however they could be used on foot
joshjoshjack added frommer stop a hungarian blow back pistol that with a 32acp bullet
Rast & Gasser M1898 Standard revolver of the Austro-Hungarian army. Also used by Italy and Balkan states.
joshjoshjack added winchester 1895 lever action rifle of ww1 used by russia
joshjoshjack added luger carbine a model of the luger that had a long barrel and could be mounted with a stock
Mannlicher M1895 Main rifle of the Austro-Hungarian, Bulgarian, and Romanian armies.
joshjoshjack added trench knife old model an older model of the trench knife
Beholla Pistol Secondary automatic pistol of the Imperial German army.
joshjoshjack added rsc 1917 a french semi auto rifle
joshjoshjack added mondragon m1908 a semi auto rifle used by the germans althougth it has spanish origns
joshjoshjack added mannlicher 1888 an older model of the mannlicher used in the war
joshjoshjack added arisaka type 38 japans main rifle of ww1
joshjoshjack added bethlehem steel 37mm cannon an artillery cannon used by the british
joshjoshjack added hotchkiss 1914 an air cooled machine gun feed by 30 round belts
joshjoshjack added molotov cocktail a homemade fire bomb that was used by the greeks and russians